Web Content Viewer

Alphabet Soup: A Guide to Disability Related Acronyms

Individuals and their family members hear and read many acronyms that are used by professionals in the disability community. "Alphabet Soup" provides an glossary of disability-related acronyms and their meanings. (Revised August 2022)

Choose a Letter


AAA – Area Agency on Aging

AAC – Augmentative Alternative Communication

AAE – Adaptive & Assistive Equipment

AAI – Acuity Assessment Instrument

AAIDD – American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities

AAPD – American Association of People with Disabilities

AARP – American Association for Retired Persons

ABA – Applied Behavior Analysis

ABD – Aged, Blind and Disabled

ABI – Acquired Brain Injury

ABLE Act – Achieving a Better Life Experience (see also STABLE)

ACA – Affordable Care Act

ACB – American Council of the Blind

ACL – Administration on Community Living

ACBO – American Council of the Blind of Ohio

ACIL – Access Center for Independent Living

ADA – Americans with Disabilities Act

ADAPT – Americans Disabled for Attendant Programs Today

AFDC – Aid to Families and Dependent Children

ADD – Attention Deficit Disorder

ADHD – Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

ADL – Activities of Daily Living

AFB – American Foundation for the Blind

AG – Attorney General

AHEAD – Association on Higher Education and Disability

AIDD – Administration on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities

AMA – American Medical Association

APE – Adaptive Physical Education

APHA – American Public Health Association

APS – Adult Protective Services

APSE – Association for People Supporting Employment First

APSI – Advocacy and Protective Services Inc.

ARC – The Arc of Ohio

ASA – Autism Society of America

ASD– Autism Spectrum Disorder

ASL – American Sign Language

ASHA – American Speech-Language Hearing Association

AT – Assistive Technology

AT Ohio – Assistive Technology of Ohio

ATA&EM Center – Assistive Technology & Accessible Educational Materials Center of OCALI


BCI – Bureau of Criminal Investigation

BIAOH – Brain Injury Association of Ohio

BLTCF – Bureau of Long-Term Care Facilities

BMC – Bureau of Managed Care

BSVI – Bureau of Services for the Visually Impaired (OOD)

BVR – Bureau of Vocational Rehabilitation (OOD)

BWC – Bureau of Workers Compensation


CARF – Commission on Accreditation of Rehabilitation Facilities

CBT – Cognitive Behavior Therapy

CBDD – County Board of Developmental Disabilities

CCD – Consortium on Citizens with Disabilities

CDC – Centers for Disease Control

CDE – Center for Disability Empowerment

CDF – Children’s Defense Fund

CDJFS – County Department of Job and Family Services

CEC – Council for Exceptional Children

CEU – Continuing Education Unit

CFR – Code of Federal Regulations

CHADD – Children and Adults with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

CHIP – Children’s Health Insurance Program (Ohio Healthy Start)

CIL – Center for Independent Living

CMH – Children with Medical Handicaps (formerly BCMH)

CMS – Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services

COB – Coordination of Benefits

COG – Council of Governments

COHHIO – Coalition on Homelessness and Housing in Ohio

COLA – Cost of Living Adjustment

COOL – Council of Ohio Leaders (OSDA)

COP – Community of Practice

CP – Cerebral Palsy

CPR – Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation

CRP – Community Rehabilitation Program

CSHCN – Children with Special Health Care Needs

CTLC – Charting the LifeCourse

CWIC – Community Work Incentive Coordinator


DAS – Ohio Department of Administrative Services

DAV – Disabled American Veterans

DB101 – Disability Benefits 101

DC – Developmental Center (DODD)

DD – Developmental Disabilities

DD Act – Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights Act of 2000

DDBP – Division of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics (Cincinnati Children's)

DDC – Developmental Disabilities Council

DDP – Developmental Disabilities Profile

DEI – Diversity, Equity and Inclusion

DME – Durable Medical Equipment

DNR – Do Not Resuscitate

DODD – Ohio Department of Developmental Disabilities

DOE – Department of Education

DOJ – Department of Justice

DOL – Department of Labor

DREDF – Disability Rights Education and Defense Fund

DRO – Disability Rights Ohio

DSC – Deaf Services Center

DSP – Direct Support Professional

Dx – Diagnosis

DYS – Ohio Department of Youth Services


EARN – Employer Assistance and Resource Network on Disability and Inclusion

EBP – Evidence-Based Practices

EC – Early Childhood

EC-CAS – Early Childhood Comprehensive Assessment System

ECE – Early Childhood Education

EEOC – Equal Employment Opportunity Commission

EI – Early Intervention

ENT – Ear, Nose and Throat

EOB – Explanation of Benefits

EPSDT – Early Periodic Screening Diagnosis and Treatment Program (called Healthchek in Ohio)

ESC – Education Service Center

ESL – English as a Second Language

ESSA – Every Student Succeeds Act

ESY – Extended School Year

EVV – Electronic Visit Verification


FAC – Family Advisory Council (DODD)

FAPE – Free Appropriate Public Education

FBA – Functional Behavioral Assessment

FCC – Family Centered Care

FCE – Family and Community Engagement

FCFC – Family & Children First Council

FCSS – Family Centered Services and Supports (see also OFCF)

FERPA – Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act

FFS – Fee for Services

FFY – Federal Fiscal Year

FHA – Fair Housing Act

FMLA – Family Medical Leave Act

FOIA – Freedom of Information Act

FPL – Federal Poverty Level

FPS – Family Planning Services

FRNO – Family Resource Network of Ohio

FTA – Federal Transit Authority

FY – Fiscal Year


GAL – Guardian Ad Litem

GPRA – Government Performance and Results Act

GRF – General Revenue Fund


HSA – Health Savings Account

HCBS – Home and Community Based Services

HHA – Home Health Agency

HHS – Health and Human Services

HIPAA – Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act

HLAA – Hearing Loss Association of America

HME – Home Medical Equipment

HMG – Help Me Grow

HMO – Health Maintenance Organization

HOH – Hard of Hearing

HOME Choice – Helping Ohioans Move, Expanding Choice

HPC – Homemaker Personal Care

HUD – Housing and Urban Development

Hx – History


ICF – Intermediate Care Facility

ICF-IDD – Intermediate Care Facility for Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities

ICP – Individual Career Plan

ID – Intellectual Disability

I/DD – Intellectual/Developmental Disability

IDD/MI – Intellectual or Developmental Disability/Mental Health (co-occurring)

IDEA – Individuals with Disabilities Education Act

IECMH – Infant Early Childhood Mental Health

IEE – Independent Educational Evaluation

IEP – Individualized Education Program

IFSP – Individualized Family Service Plan

IHO – Impartial Hearing Officer

IHP – Individual Habilitation Plan

IL – Independent Living

ILC – Independent Living Center

ILCNCO – Independent Living Center of North Central Ohio

ILOC – Intermediate Level of Care

IO – Individual Options Waiver

IP – Independent Provider

IPE – Individualized Plan for Employment

IPOC – Interdisciplinary Plan of Care

IPP – Individual Program Plan

IQ – Intelligence Quotient

I&R – Information and Referral

IRWE – Impairment Related Work Expense

ISP – Individual Service Plan (see also Ohio ISP)

IWGA – Interagency Work Group on Autism


JAN – Job Accommodation Network

JCARR – Joint Committee on Administrative Rule Review


No acronyms beginning with K


LGBTQ – Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Queer/Questioning

LD – Learning Disability (sometimes called SLD)

LEA – Local Education Agency

LEAP – Linking Employment Abilities and Potential (on of Ohio’s CILs)

LEP – Limited English Proficient (or Proficiency)

LISW – Licensed Independent Social Worker

LPN – Licensed Practical Nurse

LRE – Least Restrictive Environment

LSC – Legislative Services Commission

LTC – Long-Term Care

LTCF – Long-Term Care Facility

LTCOP – Long-Term Care Ombudsman Program

LTSS – Long-Term Services and Supports (Medicaid)


MBI – Medicaid Buy-In

MBIWD – Medicaid Buy-in for Workers with Disabilities

MCHB – Maternal and Child Health Bureau

MCO – Managed Care Organization

MCP – Managed Care Plan

MCS – Multiple Chemical Sensitivity

MFE – Multi-Factored Evaluation

MFP – Money Follows the Person

MH – Mental Health

MI – Mental Illness

MI/DD – Mental Illness/Developmental Disability (co-occurring)

MOBILE – Mid-Ohio Board for an Independent Living Environment

MRI – Magnetic Resonance Imaging

MSA – Medical Savings Account (Medicare)

MSY – Multi-System Youth

MUI – Major Unusual Incident


NAD – National Association of the Deaf

NACDD – National Association of Councils on Developmental Disabilities

NADD – National Association for the Dually Diagnosed

NAHA – National Affordable Housing Act

NAMI – National Alliance for the Mentally Ill

NASDSE – National Association of State Directors of Special Education

NCBDDD – National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities

NCD – National Council on Disability

NCLD – National Consortium on Leadership and Disability for Youth

NCHPAD – National Center on Health, Physical Activity and Disability

NDRN – National Disability Rights Network

NEA – National Education Association

NF – Nursing Facility

NFB – National Federation of the Blind

NICU – Neonatal Intensive Care Unit

NIDRR – National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research

NIH – National Institutes of Health

NOD – National Organization on Disability

NOFA – Notice of Funds Available

NP – Nurse Practitioner

NPO – Nothing by Mouth

NSLP – National School Lunch Program

NTI – Nursing Task Inventory


O4A – Ohio Association of Area Agencies on Aging

OAC – Ohio Administrative Code

OACB – Ohio Association of County Boards Serving People with Developmental Disabilities

OBLTSS – Ohio Benefits Long-Term Services and Supports

OBRA – Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act

OCALI – Ohio Center for Autism and Low Incidence

OCBF – Ohio Capacity Building Fund

OCECD – Ohio Coalition for Education of Children with Disabilities

OCR – Office of Civil Rights

OCRC – Ohio Civil Rights Commission

ODA – Ohio Department of Aging

ODDC – Ohio Developmental Disabilities Council

ODE – Ohio Department of Education

ODEP – Office of Disability Employment Policy

ODH – Ohio Department of Health

ODHP – Ohio Disability and Health Partnership

ODJFS – Ohio Department of Job and Family Services

ODM – Ohio Department of Medicaid

ODMHAS – Ohio Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services

ODOT – Ohio Department of Transportation

ODYS – Ohio Department of Youth Services

OEC – Office of Exceptional Children

OFCF – Ohio Family and Children First

OHFA – Ohio Housing Finance Agency

OHI – Other Health Impairment

OhioISP – Ohio’s Individual Service Plan

OhioSIBS – Ohio Special Initiatives by Brothers & Sisters

OOD – Opportunities for Ohioans with Disabilities

OOTF – Ohio Olmstead Task Force

OPRA – Ohio Provider Resource Association

ORC – Ohio Revised Code

OSDA – Ohio Self Determination Association

OSEP – Office of Special Education Programs

OSERS – Office of Special Education and Rehabilitation Services

OSILC – Ohio Statewide Independent Living Council

OT – Occupational Therapy

OTS – Outcome Tracking System

OWF – Ohio Works First


PA – Prior Authorization

P&A – Protection and Advocacy

PAR – Professional Advocates Resources

PAS – Personal Assistant Services

PASARR – Pre-Admission Screening and Resident Review (Medicaid)

PASS – Plan for Achieving Self-Support

PASSPORT – Pre-Admission Screening System Providing Options & Resources Today Waiver

PBIS – Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports

PCA – Personal Care Attendant

PCN – Primary Care Nurse

PCP – Person Centered Plan

PCP – Primary Care Provider

PDD – Pervasive Developmental Disorder

PDN – Private Duty Nursing

PII – Personal Identifiable Information

PL – Public Law

PLAN – Planned Lifetime Assistance Network

POA – Power of Attorney

PPO – Preferred Provider Organization

Pre-Cert – Pre-certification

PRN – Pro Re Nata (Latin for “as the situation demands” or “as needed”)

Project STIR – Steps Toward Independence and Responsibility

PT – Physical Therapy

PTI – Parent Training and Information Center

PTSD – Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

PWD – People with Disabilities


QA – Quality Assurance

QIDP – Qualified Intellectual Disabilities Professional


RESNA – Rehabilitation Engineering Society of North America

RFP – Request for Proposal

RN – Registered Nurse

ROM – Range of Motion

RSA – Rehabilitation Services Administration

Rx – Prescription


SABE – Self-Advocates Becoming Empowered

SAMHSA – Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration

SAT – Scholastic Aptitude Test

SBIS – Stanford Binet Intelligence Testing

SCHIP – State Children's Health Insurance Program (also CHIP)

SEA – State Education Agency

SEA – Society for Equal Access

Section 504 – Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973

SELF – Self Empowered Life Funding Waiver

SELN – State Employment Leadership Network

SFL – Substantial Functional Limitation

SFY – State Fiscal Year

SGA – Substantial Gainful Activity

SIB – Sibling

SIL – Services for Independent Living

SILC – Statewide Independent Living Council

SLD – Specific Learning Disability

SLP – Speech Language Pathology

SNF – Skilled Nursing Facility

SOCIL – Southeastern Ohio Center for Independent Living

SOS – Secretary of State

SSA – Service and Support Administrator (case managers for county boards of developmental disabilities)

SSA – Social Security Administration

SSD – Social Security Disability

SSDI – Social Security Disability Insurance

SSI – Supplemental Security Income

SST – State Support Team

STABLE – Ohio’s ABLE Act program

STIR – Steps Toward Independence and Responsibility (also referred to as Project STIR)

STNA – State Tested Nurse Aide


TANF – Temporary Assistance for Needy Families

TBI – Traumatic Brain Injury

TCILC – Tri-County Independent Living Center, Inc.

TDD – Telecommunication Devise for the Deaf

TIC – Trauma Informed Care

TPP – Transition Planning Process

TPW – Therapeutic Program Worker

TTY – Teletypewriter for the Deaf

TWWIIA – Ticket to Work & Work Incentives Improvement Act

Tx – Treatment


UCEDD – University Centers for Excellence in Developmental Disabilities

UCP – United Cerebral Palsy

UHCAN – Universal Health Care Action Network

USBLN – United States Business Leadership Network


VA – Veterans Affairs

VR – Vocational Rehabilitation


WIC – Women, Infants and Children program

WID – World Institute on Disability

WIOA – Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act

WIPA – Work Incentive Planning & Assistance Program

WRILC – Western Reserve Independent Living Center


No acronyms beginning with X


YLF – Youth Leadership Forum


No acronyms beginning with Z